Second Samuel: Living for God

second samuel

In Second Samuel David took the fractured kingdom that Saul had left behind and built a strong, united power.  Forty years later, David would turn this kingdom over to his son Solomon.  David had a heart for God.  He was a king who governed God’s people by God’s principles, and God blessed him greatly.  We may not have David’s earthly success, but following God is, ultimately, the most successful decision we can make.

David sinned with Bathsheba and then tried to cover his sin by having her husband killed.  Although he was forgiven for his sin, the consequences remained – he experienced trouble and distress, both with his family and with the nation.  God is always ready to forgive, but we must live with the consequences of our actions.  Covering up our sin will only multiply sin’s painful consequences.

Writer of Second Samuel

Unknown, some have suggested that Nathan’s son Zabud may have been the writer (1 Kings 4:5).  The book also includes the writings of Nathan and Gad (1 Chronicles 29:29).

Possibly Samuel, but also includes writings from prophets Nathan and Gad (1 Chronicles 29:29). Since the name of the great prophet Samuel is associated with these books, it is logical to assume that he wrote both First Samuel and Second Samuel. The Book of First Chronicles refers to “the book of Samuel the seer” (1 Chronicles 29:29). However, all of Second Samuel and a major portion of First Samuel deal with events that happened after Samuel’s death. Many scholars believe that Abiathar the priest, who may have had access to royal records, wrote those parts of these two books that deal with the court life of David.


The ESV Study Bible, Large Print edition features the content of the award-winning ESV Study Bible with a highly readable, large-print type. Extensive study notes, charts, maps, and articles make this study Bible a valuable resource for serious readers, students, and teachers of God’s Word.

Purpose of Second Samuel

To record the history of David’s reign; to demonstrate effective leadership under God; to reveal that one person can make a difference; to show the personal qualities that please God.

Historical Setting of Second Samuel

The books of First Samuel and Second Samuel describe a turning point in Israel’s history when the people insisted on a united kingdom under the ruling authority if a king. Saul was anointed by Samuel about 1050 B.B. and rule for 40 years; David also ruled 40 years from 1010 to 971 B.C.

Theological Contribution

The major contribution of First Samuel and Second Samuel is the negative and positive views of the kingship which they present. In calling for a king the people were rejecting God’s rule, but the throne that God established with David would be established forever on the person of Jesus Christ the Messiah.


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