Cain – The Worlds First Murder


Cain: First Born Son of Adam and Eve

In spite of parents’ efforts and worries, conflicts between children in a family seem inevitable. Sibling relationships allow both competition and cooperation. In most cases, the mixture of loving and fighting eventually creates a strong bond between brothers and sisters. It isn’t unusual, though, to hear a parent say, “They fight so much I hope they don’t kill each other before they grow up.” In the case of Cain, the troubling potential became a tragedy. And while we don’t know many details of the first child’s life, his story can still teach us.

Cain got angry. Furious. Both he and his brother Abel had made sacrifices to God, and his had been rejected. Cain’s reaction gives us a clue that his attitude was probably wrong from the start. Cain had a choice to make. He could correct his attitude about his sacrifice to God, or he could take out his anger on his brother. His decision is a clear reminder of how often we are aware of opposite choices, yet choose the wrong just as Cain did. We may not be choosing to murder, but we are still intentionally choosing what we shouldn’t.

The feelings motivating our behavior can’t always be changed by simple thought power. But here we can begin to experience God’s willingness to help. Asking for his help to do what is right can prevent us from setting into motion actions that we will later regret.

Strengths and Accomplishments

  • First human child
  • First to follow in father’s profession, farming

Weaknesses and Mistakes

  • When disappointed, reacted in anger
  • Took the negative option when a positive possibility was offered
  • Was the first murderer

Lessons From His Life

  • Anger is not necessarily a sin, but actions motivated by anger can be sinful. Anger should be the energy behind good action, not evil action
  • What we offer God must be from the heart – the best we are and have
  • The consequences of sin may last a lifetime

Vital Statistics for Cain

  • Where: Near Eden, which was probably located in present-day Iraq or Iran
  • Occupation: Farmer, then wanderer
  • Relatives: Parents: Adam and Eve. Brothers: Abel, Seth and others not mentioned by name.

Key Verse for Cain

“If you do what is right, will you not be accepted? But if you do not do what is right, sin is crouching at your door; it desires to have you, but you must master it”  (Genesis 4:7)

The ESV Study Bible, Large Print edition features the content of the award-winning ESV Study Bible with a highly readable, large-print type. Extensive study notes, charts, maps, and articles make this study Bible a valuable resource for serious readers, students, and teachers of God’s Word.

Cain’s story is told in Genesis 4:1 – 17. He is also mentioned in Hebrews 11:4; 1 John 3:12; Jude 11

Click here to print or download the Scripture character study “Cain – The World’s First Murderer


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