Genesis – The Foundation of Faith & History


Genesis – The First Book of Moses

Genesis, derived from the Greek word meaning “beginning,” marks the inception of creation itself. Through eloquent prose and vivid imagery, we witness the Creator speaking the world into existence. “In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth” (Genesis 1:1). These simple yet profound words set the stage for a narrative that unfolds with unparalleled depth.

God created the sky, seas, and land. He created plants, animals, fish, and birds. But he created human beings in his own image. At times, others may treat us disrespectfully. But we can be certain of our dignity and worth because we have been created in the image of God. When Adam and Eve were created by God, they were without sin. But they became sinful when they disobeyed God and ate some fruit from the tree. Through Adam and Eve, we learn about the destructive power of Sin and its bitter consequences.

Noah was spared from the destruction of the flood because he obeyed God and built the ark. Just as God protected Noah and his family, he still protects those who are faithful to him today.

Abraham was asked to leave his country, wander in Canaan, wait years for a son, and then sacrifice him as a burnt offering. Through these periods of sharp testing, Abraham remained faithful to God. His example teaches us what it means to live a life of faith. Isaac did not demand his own way. He did not resist when he was about to be sacrificed, and he gladly accepted a wife chosen for him by others. Like Isaac, we must learn to put God’s will ahead of our own.

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Jacob did not give up easily. He faithfully served Laban for over 14 years. Later, he wrestled with God. Although Jacob made many mistakes, his hard work teaches us about living a life of service for our Lord.

Joseph was sold into slavery by his brothers and unjustly thrown into prison by his master. Through the life of Joseph, we learn that suffering, no matter how unfair, can develop a strong character in us.

Writer of Genesis

The authorship of the book of Genesis remains undisclosed within the text itself. However, a prevailing tradition in the early church, as well as the Jerusalem Talmud and the first-century Jewish historian Josephus, attributed its writing to Moses. Notably, this traditional perspective carries significant weight, supported by numerous references in both the Old Testament and the New Testament affirming Moses as the author of the entire Pentateuch. Despite contemporary scholars who challenge Mosaic authorship, the enduring belief in this tradition underscores its enduring influence and historical significance.

Date Written

Traditionally, the Exodus from Egypt is dated to the mid-fifteenth century B.C. This dating finds support in First Kings 6:1, which records that Solomon initiated the construction of the temple “in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel had come out of the land of Egypt.” It is widely accepted that Solomon commenced this project around 960 B.C., leading to an estimated date for the Exodus around 1440 B.C. Consequently, if we accept Moses as the author of Genesis, it would imply that he composed it after 1440 B.C., likely during the forty years of wilderness wandering following the Exodus.

Theological Contribution

The book of Genesis serves as a foundational source for several fundamental doctrines in the Bible. It predominantly emphasizes two key aspects of God’s nature: His role as the Creator of the universe and His initiation of covenants. Remarkably, the same God who brought the cosmos into existence is the one who enters into a sacred covenant with His people, underlining the profound connection between creation and divine promises (Genesis 1:1; John 1:1).

The essence of God’s covenant with Abraham serves as a central narrative thread throughout Scripture. This covenant, as detailed in Genesis 12:1-3 and 15:1-21, includes numerous personal blessings bestowed upon the patriarch. However, its pinnacle lies in the universal significance expressed in the words: “And in you, all the families of the earth shall be blessed” (Genesis 12:2). This promise finds its ultimate fulfillment in the person of the Lord Jesus Christ, the true Seed of Abraham, through whom people from every nation and family have the opportunity to experience the profound joy of knowing the God of Abraham.

Purpose of Genesis

The purpose of the book of Genesis is twofold: to document God’s act of creating the world and His desire to establish a unique people devoted to His worship. It narrates the pristine perfection of God’s initial creation, marred by humanity’s disobedience, leading to the devastating flood. Even the post-flood world was tainted by human transgression. However, amid this backdrop of imperfection, the divine call to Abraham shines as a beacon of hope. Through him, God promises blessings to all nations, offering the assurance that His ultimate purpose will find fulfillment through Abraham’s descendants.

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