Exodus – Second Book of Moses



In the book of Exodus, the poignant narrative unfolds as the Israelites endure the harsh yoke of Egyptian slavery. Their cries of anguish reached the ears of a merciful God, who responded with divine intervention and redemption. It’s a testament to the unwavering truth that God, in His eternal compassion, continues to hear the pleas of His people today. Just as He liberated the Israelites from the clutches of bondage, His grace delivers us from the shackles of sin, conquers the shadow of death, and triumphs over the forces of evil.

The post-Red Sea journey of the Israelites exposes a universal human inclination—our propensity to grumble and grow discontent, even in the face of miraculous deliverance. Much like the Israelites, we too are susceptible to moments of doubt and dissatisfaction. However, as followers of Christ, we are called to a higher standard—to withstand the trials and tribulations that beset us without allowing them to undermine our trust in God’s faithfulness.

At the sacred mount of Sinai, God unveiled His divine law to the Israelites, providing profound insights into His character and expectations for His chosen people. This ancient code remains profoundly relevant, for it not only highlights our human flaws but also elucidates God’s unchanging standards for righteous living.

Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary

A great resource for students, seasoned pastors, and anyone who enjoys biblical word studies–even if they have little to no formal training in Hebrew or Greek. 

Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary, Contains over 6,000 key biblical words, describing word frequency, usage, and meaning as fully as possible. Serves as a dictionary, commentary, and comprehensive topical concordance all in one volume.

Much like how God guided Moses and the nation of Israel, He longs to lead and direct us in our individual journeys. Are you being prepared, as Moses was, for a specific purpose? Rest assured, God’s presence accompanies you. If you find yourself facing adversaries or temptations, place your trust in Him and follow His guidance. Are you hearing His unmistakable moral directives? Dedicate yourself to the diligent study and obedience of His Word. Is He summoning you to true worship? Seek His divine presence in your life, within the sanctuary of your home, and in every facet of your existence.

Writer of Exodus

The book of Exodus stands as one of the foundational texts within the first five books of the Old Testament, traditionally attributed to Moses as its author. This attribution has been upheld through the ages, affirmed not only by the disciples, including John (John 1:45), but also by the apostle Paul (Romans 10:5) and the words of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ Himself (Mark 7:10; 12:26; Luke 20:37; John 5:46, 47; 7:19, 22, 23).

The enduring belief in Mosaic authorship underscores the profound significance of Exodus as a testament to both historical and divine truths. This sacred narrative, attributed to Moses, continues to resonate through the corridors of time, offering profound insights into the human condition, God’s intervention in history, and His enduring covenant with His people.

Date Written

It must be dated some time before his death about 1400 B.C. 1450 – 1410 B.C., approximately the same as Genesis

Determining the precise date of the book of Exodus presents a historical challenge, as it is often tied to the broader discussion of the biblical timeline. However, scholars generally place the events described in Exodus during the Late Bronze Age, which could be approximately dated between the 15th and 13th centuries BC. This time frame aligns with the period traditionally associated with the Israelites’ enslavement in Egypt and their subsequent liberation under the leadership of Moses. While pinpointing an exact date remains elusive, the book of Exodus remains a crucial historical and theological document, offering valuable insights into the foundational narratives of the Israelite people.

Historical Setting of Exodus

The book of Exodus encapsulates a pivotal epoch in the formative history of the nation of Israel. Among scholars, there’s a divergence in dating, with many conservative perspectives placing the Hebrews’ departure from Egypt around 1440 B.C., while some argue for a later time frame, approximately 1280 B.C. Regardless of the date, the majority of Exodus narrates the Israelites’ profound experiences in the two years following their liberation. During this crucial period, Israel embarked on a journey through the wilderness, ultimately leading them to the awe-inspiring Mount Sinai. Here, under the guidance of their faithful leader Moses, they received divine instructions from God Himself, a revelation that shaped the core of their identity as a people set apart.

Theological Contribution of Exodus

The book of Exodus stands as a monumental cornerstone in the foundations of both the Jewish faith and Christian theology. Within its sacred verses lies the genesis of the profound covenant relationship between God and His people, a theme that reverberates throughout the entire Bible, underpinning the message of redemption.

Remarkably, the book of Exodus foreshadows several key aspects of the life and ministry of Jesus Christ. Moses, on Mount Sinai, received the divine Law, while Jesus, in a parallel fashion, delivered the Sermon on the Mount. Just as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness to grant life to the afflicted, Jesus, in His crucifixion, was raised upon the cross, offering eternal life to all who place their trust in Him.

The ancient ritual of Passover, as recounted in Exodus, forms the basis upon which Jesus instituted the Last Supper, a sacred and enduring memorial for His followers. This profound interplay between the Old Testament narrative and the life of Christ underscores the timeless and interconnected tapestry of God’s redemptive plan for humanity.

Scripture Study Resources

ESV Study BibleStudy Bibles give you a deeper understanding of God’s Word with tools for life application like commentary, maps, charts, concordance, and study notes. Search our popular translations- NIV, ESV, NKJV, KJV and more!

Believer’s Bible Commentary: Second Edition – A Bible commentary is a written, systematic series of explanations and interpretations of Scripture. Commentaries often analyze or expound on individual books of the Bible, chapter by chapter and verse by verse. Some commentary works provide analysis of the whole of Scripture.

The New Strong’s Expanded Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible – The best concordance for word study! This exclusive new edition of a legendary classic puts generations of biblical research at your fingertips. A valuable tool for pastors, teachers, and students of the Bible. 

Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words – This classic word study resource allows you to study the meaning of biblical words in the original languages without spending years learning Greek or Hebrew. A great resource for students, seasoned pastors, and anyone who enjoys biblical word studies–even if they have little to no formal training in Hebrew or Greek.

Halley’s Bible Handbook – The beloved and classic Bible companion has been thoroughly updated, while retaining its time-honored features and Dr. Halley’s highly personal style, to offer even greater clarity, insight, and usefulness.

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