Book of Daniel: God’s Plan for the Ages

book of daniel

The Book of Daniel

The Book of Daniel, nestled within the Old Testament, stands as a profound and captivating testament to the unwavering faith in the face of adversity. Daniel, a young Israelite of noble descent, is thrust into the heart of Babylonian exile, where he navigates a foreign culture without compromising his devotion to God. This account unfolds with visions, prophecies, and divine interventions, illustrating God’s sovereignty and faithfulness in the midst of challenges.

While Ezekiel was ministering to the captives in Babylon, Daniel was drafted as a counselor to King Nebuchadnezzar. With God’s help, Daniel interpreted two of the king’s dreams, Daniel’s three friends were rescued from certain death in the fiery furnace, and Daniel was rescued from a lions’ den. Daniel’s life is a picture of the triumph of faith. May God grant us this type of faith so that we may also live courageously each day.

Daniel and his three friends chose not to eat the king’s food.  They did not bow down to the king’s image, even under penalty of death.  Daniel continued to pray even though he knew he might be noticed and sentenced to death.  These men are inspiring examples for us living a faithful life in a sinful world.  When we face trials, we can expect God to remain present with us through our trials.  May God grant us the same courage to remain faithful under pressure.

These visions gave the captives added confidence that God is in control of history.  They were to wait patiently and in faith and not to worship the gods of Babylon or accept their way of life, God still rules over human activities.  Evil will be overcome, so we should wait patiently and not give in to the temptations and pressures of the sinful way of life around us.


The ESV Study Bible, Large Print edition features the content of the award-winning ESV Study Bible with a highly readable, large-print type. Extensive study notes, charts, maps, and articles make this study Bible a valuable resource for serious readers, students, and teachers of God’s Word.

God is sovereign. He was in control in Babylon, and he has been moving in history, controlling the destinies of people ever since. And he is here now! Despite news reports or personal stress, we can be confident that God is in control. As you read Daniel, watch God work and find your security in his sovereignty.

Writer of the book of Daniel

The book of Daniel, named after and written by Daniel in the sixth century B.C., records the events of his life and the visions that he saw from the time of his exile in 605 until the third year of King Cyrus. Daniel, whose name means “God is my Judge,” was a young man of noble blood who was exiled from Judah during the time of King Jehoiakim and lived thereafter at the Babylonian court. After the fall of the Babylonian Empire, he served the Medo-Persian Empire that succeeded it.

Date Written

Both Jewish and Christian tradition has held that the author of this book is Daniel, a Jew who lived during the sixth century B.C. Babylonian exile. Many of the chapters are dated and range from the first year of Nebuchadnezzar’s reign to Cyrus’s third year. But because of its detailed prophecies of events in the middle of the second century B.C. and alleged historical inconsistencies with what scholars know of the sixth-century history, some scholars have argued that the book must be a second-century document, from the time when Antiochus IV Epiphanes was oppressing God’s people. In that case, it would contain “prophecies after the fact,” put into the mouth of a famous historical character rather than being written by Daniel himself. Thus, the visions that “Daniel” saw would attempt to interpret rather than predict history.

To Whom Written

The people of Judah could have interpreted their exile to Babylon as the end of their special relationship with God. But not only does the book of Daniel show them that it is possible to be faithful to even away from the Promised Land, it also shows them that God has not abandoned his plan for the whole world.

Purpose of the book of Daniel

The purpose of the book of Daniel is to give a historical account of the faithful Jews who lived in captivity and to show how God is in control of heaven and earth, directing forces of nature, the destiny of nations and the care of his people.

Historical Setting

The book of Daniel clearly spans that period of time among God’s covenant people known as the Babylonian captivity. Nebuchadnezzar took captives from Judah on three separate occasions, beginning in 605 B.C. Among his first group taken were Daniel and his companions. Daniel’s prayer to God toward the end of the book (chapter 9) is dated at 538 B.C., the very year that Cyrus of Persia issued his decree making it possible for some of the captives to return to Jerusalem to restore their land and rebuild the Temple (Ezra 1:1-4).

Theological Contribution

The major contribution of the book of Daniel arises from its nature as an apocalyptic prophecy. Highly symbolic in language, the prophecy was related to the events of Daniel’s near future, but even today it contains a message for the future.

Special Consideration in the book of Daniel

Chapter 9 of Daniel is a fascinating passage; it combines the best of biblical piety and biblical prophecy. Daniel’s study of the prophecy of the 70 years of captivity from the prophet Jeremiah led him to pray for God’s intervention on behalf of His people. The Lord’s answer came through the angel Gabriel, who gave Daniel the prophecy of the seventy weeks, or 70 sevens. The 70 sevens as envisioned by the prophet are usually interpreted as years. Thus, the prophecy deals with the next 490 years in the future of God’s covenant people.

Perhaps the round numbers in this prophecy should be our clue that it is dangerous to try to pin its fulfillment to a specific day or year. But we can say for sure that the end of the 483 years spoken of by Daniel would bring us to the general period of the ministry of the Lord Jesus Christ. The final week in the prophecy is symbolic of the age between the ascension of Jesus and His second coming.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ’s)

Q: What is the historical context of the Book of Daniel? A: The Book of Daniel is set during the Babylonian exile, a pivotal period in Israel’s history. Daniel, a young and devout Israelite, finds himself in Babylon, serving in the court of King Nebuchadnezzar. Understanding this historical backdrop is crucial for interpreting the challenges and triumphs faced by Daniel.

Q: What makes the Book of Daniel unique among the prophetic books? A: Unlike other prophetic books primarily focused on oracles, Daniel combines narrative and prophecy. It presents captivating stories of Daniel and his companions alongside visions and dreams revealing God’s sovereign plan for nations and the future. This dual narrative-prophetic structure sets Daniel apart and provides a comprehensive perspective on God’s work in the world.

Q: How do the visions in the Book of Daniel contribute to biblical prophecy? A: The visions in Daniel, particularly those in chapters 7-12, offer a glimpse into future events, kingdoms, and the ultimate triumph of God’s kingdom. These prophetic passages have been a subject of much study and interpretation throughout Christian history, providing insights into God’s plan for redemption and the culmination of human history.

Q: What lessons can we glean from Daniel’s unwavering faith in challenging circumstances? A: Daniel’s life exemplifies steadfast faith in the face of adversity. From the lion’s den to interpreting dreams, his trust in God remains unshaken. Exploring Daniel’s responses to trials can inspire us to maintain faith, courage, and integrity in our own journeys of faith.

Q: How does the Book of Daniel connect to broader biblical themes and prophecies? A: Daniel intertwines with various biblical themes, including the sovereignty of God, divine intervention, and the coming of the Messiah. Understanding these connections enhances our grasp of the Bible’s cohesive narrative, illustrating how Daniel’s experiences contribute to the overarching story of God’s redemptive plan.

Scripture Study Resources

ESV Study BibleStudy Bibles give you a deeper understanding of God’s Word with tools for life application like commentary, maps, charts, concordance, and study notes. Search our popular translations- NIV, ESV, NKJV, KJV and more!

Believer’s Bible Commentary: Second Edition – A Bible commentary is a written, systematic series of explanations and interpretations of Scripture. Commentaries often analyze or expound on individual books of the Bible, chapter by chapter and verse by verse. Some commentary works provide analysis of the whole of Scripture.

The New Strong’s Expanded Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible – The best concordance for word study! This exclusive new edition of a legendary classic puts generations of biblical research at your fingertips. A valuable tool for pastors, teachers, and students of the Bible. 

Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words – This classic word study resource allows you to study the meaning of biblical words in the original languages without spending years learning Greek or Hebrew. A great resource for students, seasoned pastors, and anyone who enjoys biblical word studies–even if they have little to no formal training in Hebrew or Greek.

Halley’s Bible Handbook – The beloved and classic Bible companion has been thoroughly updated, while retaining its time-honored features and Dr. Halley’s highly personal style, to offer even greater clarity, insight, and usefulness.


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