Adam – Father of the Human Race

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Adam: The First Human

We can hardly imagine what it must have been like to be the first and only person on earth. It’s one thing for us to be lonely; it was another for Adam, who had never known another human being. He missed much that makes us who we are – he had no childhood, no parents, no family, or friends. He had to learn to be human on his own. Fortunately, God didn’t let him struggle too long before presenting him with an ideal companion and mate, Eve. Theirs was a complete, innocent, and open oneness, without a hint of shame.

One of Adam’s first conversations with his delightful new companion must have been about the rules of the garden. Before God made Eve he had already given Adam complete freedom in the garden, with the responsibility to tend and care for it. But one tree was off-limits, the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. Adam would have told Eve all about this. She knew, when Satan approached her, that the tree’s fruit was not to be eaten. However, she decided to eat the forbidden fruit. Then she offered some to Adam. At that moment, the fate of creation was on the line. Sadly, Adam didn’t pause to consider the consequences. He went ahead and ate.

Dig Deeper:  Lot: Son of Haran, Nephew of Abram
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In that moment of small rebellion, something large, beautiful, and free was shattered… God’s perfect creation. Man was separated from God by his desire to act on his own. The effect on a plate glass window is the same whether a pebble or a boulder is hurled at it – the thousands of fragments can never be regathered.

In the case of man’s sin, however, God already had a plan in motion to overcome the effects of the rebellion. The entire Bible is the story of how that plan unfolds, ultimately leading to God’s own visit to earth through his Son, Jesus. His sinless life and death made it possible for God to offer forgiveness to all who want it. Our small and large acts of rebellion prove that we are descendants of Adam. Only by asking forgiveness of Jesus Christ can we become children of God.

Strengths and Accomplishments

  • The first zoologist – namer of animals
  • The first landscape architect, placed in the garden to care for it
  • Father of the human race
  • The first person made on the image of God, and the first human to share an intimate personal relationship with God

 Weakness and Mistakes

  • Avoided responsibility and blamed others; chose to hide rather than to confront; made excuses rather than admitting the truth
  • Greatest mistake: teamed up with Eve to bring sin into the world
Dig Deeper:  Abraham: Friend of God – Father of the Faithful

Lessons from His Life

  • As Adam’s descendants, we all reflect some degree of the image of God
  • God wants people who, though free to do wrong, choose instead to love him
  • We should not blame others for our faults
  • We cannot hide from God

Vital Statistics for Adam

  • Where: Garden of Eden 
  • Occupation: Caretaker, gardener, farmer
  • Relatives: Wife: Eve, Sons: Cain, Abel, Seth. Numerous other children. The only man who never had an earthly mother or father

Key Verses for Adam

“The man said, ‘The woman you put here with me – she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate it’” (Genesis 3:12).

“For as in Adam all die, so in Christ, all will be made alive” (1 Corinthians 15:22)

Adam’s story is told in Genesis 1:26-5:5. He is also mentioned in 1 Chronicles 1:1; Luke 3:38; Romans 5:14; 1 Corinthians 15:22, 45; 1 Timothy 2:13, 14.

Scripture Study Resources

ESV Study BibleStudy Bibles give you a deeper understanding of God’s Word with tools for life application like commentary, maps, charts, concordance, and study notes. Search our popular translations- NIV, ESV, NKJV, KJV and more!

Believer’s Bible Commentary: Second Edition – A Bible commentary is a written, systematic series of explanations and interpretations of Scripture. Commentaries often analyze or expound on individual books of the Bible, chapter by chapter and verse by verse. Some commentary works provide analysis of the whole of Scripture.

Dig Deeper:  Philip: The Evangelist

The New Strong’s Expanded Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible – The best concordance for word study! This exclusive new edition of a legendary classic puts generations of biblical research at your fingertips. A valuable tool for pastors, teachers, and students of the Bible. 

Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words – This classic word study resource allows you to study the meaning of biblical words in the original languages without spending years learning Greek or Hebrew. A great resource for students, seasoned pastors, and anyone who enjoys biblical word studies–even if they have little to no formal training in Hebrew or Greek.

Halley’s Bible Handbook – The beloved and classic Bible companion has been thoroughly updated, while retaining its time-honored features and Dr. Halley’s highly personal style, to offer even greater clarity, insight, and usefulness.


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